Canada Vascular

Peripheral Artery Occlusive Disease (PAOD)

Background

How Can PAD Be Diagnosed?

Treatment Options

How Can I Get Screened & Treated for PAD?

Common Questions & Answers

Bibliography

 

 


Bibliography

  1. Becker, GJ, et al. The Importance of Increasing Public and Physician Awareness of Peripheral Arterial Disease. JVIR, 2002; 13:7-11.
  2. Sacks, D. et al. Position Statement on the Use of the Ankle Brachial Index in the Evaluation of Patients with Peripheral Vascular Disease. A consensus statement . JVIR, vol. 13; 353
  3. Weitz JI, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of chronic arterial insufficiency of the lower extremities: a critical review . Circulation 1996: 94:3026-3049.
  4. Vogt MT, Wolfson SK, Kuller LH. Lower extremity arterial disease and the aging process: a review . J Clin Epidemiol, 1992, May;45(5):529-42
  5. Newman AB, Sutton-Tyrrell K, Vogt MT, Kuller LH. Morbidity and mortality in hypertensive adults with a low ankle/arm blood pressure index . JAMA, 1993 July 28;270(4):487-9
  6. Ernst E., Fialka V. A review of the clinical effectiveness of exercise therapy for intermittent claudication . Arch Intern Med 1993 Oct 25;153(20):2357-60
  7. Radack K., Wyderski RJ. Conservative management of intermittent claudication. Ann Intern Med, 1990 Jul 15;113(2):135-46
  8. Williams LR, Ekers MA, Collins PS, Lee JF. Vascular rehabilitation: benefits of a structured exercise/risk modification program . J Vasc Surg 1991 Sep;14(3):320-6
  9. Criqui MH, Fronek A, Barrett-Connor E, Klauber MR, Gabriel S, Goodman D. The prevalence of peripheral arterial disease in a defined population . Circulation 1985 Mar;71(3):510-5
  10. Krupski WC. The peripheral vascular consequences of smoking. Ann Vasc Surg 1991 May;5(3):291-304
  11. McGill HC Jr. The cardiovascular pathology of smoking . Am Heart J 1988 Jan;115(1 Pt 2):250-7
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